Habitat - Spatial object type

Definition: Geographical areas characterised by specific ecological conditions, processes, structure, and functions that physically support the organisms that live there.

Description: Includes terrestrial and aquatic areas distinguished by geographical, abiotic and biotic features, whether entirely natural or semi-natural [Directive 2007/2/EC].A Habitat area, line or point may comprise one or more HabitatTypesCoverTypes according to one or more habitat classification schemes, often depending on the data capture process or related to the scale of a map. So a habitat feature might represent a complex of different HabitatTypesCoverTypes.NOTE Although habitats in principle are geographical areas, they may also be depicted as lines or points.

INSPIRE Data Theme: Habitats and Biotopes - [INSPIRE Data Theme Habitats and Biotopes]

INSPIRE Application schema: Habitats and Biotopes - [INSPIRE Application schema Habitats and Biotopes]


Definition: External object identifier of the spatial object.

Description: An external object identifier is a unique object identifier published by the responsible body, which may be used by external applications to reference the spatial object. The identifier is an identifier of the spatial object, not an identifier of the real-world phenomenon.

Multiplicity: 0...1

Valuetype: Identifier

Definition: The extent of the habitat based on natural boundaries.

Description: NOTE 1 Can be polygons, lines or points. NOTE 2 Can also support 3-dimensional features.

Multiplicity: 1

Valuetype: GM_Object

Definition: The identifier for a habitat class, defined and described in an international, national or local habitat classification scheme.

Description: Habitats and biotopes may be common in some characteristics on a certain level of detail and may thus be classified as abstract types: e.g. as woodland, pastures, heathland – referring to their vegetation structure - or as ru
ing waters, limestone rocks or sand dunes - referring to abiotic features - but also as wintering areas, nesting areas or wandering corridors etc. - referring to relevant phases for the life-cycle of a certain species or ecological guild. These typological classes are usually organised in classification systems (e.g. EUNIS habitat classification).

Multiplicity: 1...*

Valuetype: HabitatTypeCoverType

Definition: List of species which occur in or constitute a certain habitat at the time of mapping.

Multiplicity: 0...*

Stereotypes: voidable

Valuetype: HabitatSpeciesType

Definition: List of vegetation types which constitute a certain habitat.

Description: The cover of plants may be common in some characteristics on a certain level of detail and may thus be classified by vegetation science as abstract types.E.g. vegetation may be classified as Tundra or Mediterranean Deciduous Forests – referring to their structure and their bio-geographic formations - or as Nordic vegetation type 5141 Koeleria glauca-Typ or Ranunculetum fluitantis - referring to their floristic composition - or as chamaephytes or hemi-cryptophytes - referring to structural traits etc.Many vegetation type classification systems exist all over Europe. Some of these systems have a deep hierarchical structure. Therefore it is recommended to register the vegetation type scheme which was used.

Multiplicity: 0...*

Stereotypes: voidable

Valuetype: HabitatVegetationType

Back to top