Names of areas regions localities cities suburbs towns or settlements or any geographical or topographical feature of public or historical interest
A geographical name is a proper noun applied to a natural man made or cultural feature on Earth A feature can have different names in one or several languages and the names may be provided together with appropriate information on the feature in different products like maps and gazetteers as well as respective services An endonym is a name for a geographical feature in an official or well established language occurring in that area where the feature is situated An exonym is a name used in a specific language for a geographical feature situated outside the area where that language is widely spoken and differing in form from the respective endonym s in the area where the geographical feature is situated UNGEGN 2007 In some cases names can be applied as attributes of appropriately modeled spatial objects However often the definition classification geometry and other attributes of these objects do not correspond with the respective named features Besides commonly named features such as elevations islands natural shoreline features and stretches of water bodies are seldom modeled as objects in spatial data sets A geographical name serves as a means to identify a location Gazetteers and gazetteer services associate the names with corresponding features or locations by means of co ordinates feature types and or other necessary information A multi lingual gazetteer service shall most probably be established as a part of INSPIRE
The INSPIRE Interactive Data specification platform offers MS data providers two new applications to support in general their initial data scope “identification” task whether their dataset(s) fall under the data scope of INSPIRE or not.
The first application “Interactive Data Specifications” facilitates the use of the INSPIRE Data Specification – Technical Guidelines documents by providing means to study as well as compare selected parts of the INSPIRE technical documentation (from up to 3 data themes).
The second application “Find your scope” has been developed to support MS data providers with identification of the INSPIRE data scope that is relevant to their dataset(s) that they administer. This application is foreseen to be useful especially in situations where data provider’s datasets do not follow exactly the INSPIRE data themes /application schemas content.
The platform also provides links to useful additional resources of information (e.g. INSPIRE Registry, website etc.).
The development of the Toolkit has been supported by ARE3NA, Action 1.17 of the EU ISA Programme.