Area designated or managed within a framework of international Community and Member States legislation to achieve specific conservation objectives
Area designated or managed within a framework of international Community and Member States legislation to achieve specific conservation objectives According to IUCN and adopted for the INSPIRE context a protected site is An area of land and or sea especially dedicated to the protection and maintenance of biological diversity and of natural and associated cultural resources and managed through legal or other effective means Protected sites may be located in terrestrial aquatic and or marine environments and may be under either public or private ownership They may include localities with protection targets defined by different sectors and based on different objectives especially dedicated to the conservation of nature the protection and maintenance of biological diversity and of natural and where appropriate associated cultural resources The sites may receive protection due to more than one type of objectives and may have a double or multifarious designation status Protected sites differ from environmentally founded classifications of natural or cultural objects and also from area covering designations as included in CDDA as localisation boundary and area of protected sites are based on formal legal or administrative agreements or decisions Although all protected sites meet the general purposes contained in this definition in practise the precise purposes for which protected sites are managed differ greatly The main purposes of designation are specified in categories of CDDA 4 5 2 National designation type category and according to the typology developed in the Standard Data Form for Natura2000 under the Habitat Directive furthermore categories of IUCN for Protected Sites and other international designation types have to be applied A new classification system of protected sites with an overall set of categories under the INSPIRE directive therefore has to include Sites of Community Importance SCI under the Habitat directive and Special Protection Areas SPA under the Birds directive as well as further designation types on a global level This definition of protected sites does not exclude man made objects or other kinds of cultural heritage sites protected sites may therefore include where formal protection is given to buildings archaeological sites of all pre historic and historic times including medieval sites constructions or other cultural objects This may also be applied to protected sites comprising specific geological hydrogeological or geomorphological values Protected sites in many cases have a formal delineation documentation in cadastral databases However delineation injunctions for protected sites are manifold and may just as often not follow cadastral boundaries e g for reasons of generalisation in small scale maps for Natura2000 Being spatial objects under the INSPIRE directive however protected sites need to have distinct boundaries of their own rather than being a mere specific category of some other spatial object type Examples of legislation and policies regulating protected sites are Habitat directive 1992 Directive 92 43 EEC Birds directive Directive 79 409 EEC World Heritage Ramsar Convention Barcelona Convention Helsinki Convention OSPAR Convention national law and other international sector policies
The INSPIRE Interactive Data specification platform offers MS data providers two new applications to support in general their initial data scope “identification” task whether their dataset(s) fall under the data scope of INSPIRE or not.
The first application “Interactive Data Specifications” facilitates the use of the INSPIRE Data Specification – Technical Guidelines documents by providing means to study as well as compare selected parts of the INSPIRE technical documentation (from up to 3 data themes).
The second application “Find your scope” has been developed to support MS data providers with identification of the INSPIRE data scope that is relevant to their dataset(s) that they administer. This application is foreseen to be useful especially in situations where data provider’s datasets do not follow exactly the INSPIRE data themes /application schemas content.
The platform also provides links to useful additional resources of information (e.g. INSPIRE Registry, website etc.).
The development of the Toolkit has been supported by ARE3NA, Action 1.17 of the EU ISA Programme.